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The Bush Telegraph
News from Tshikwalo Game Lodge and Dinokeng Nature Reserve
Dinokeng Big 5 | Rhino
Rhinos are classified in two groups, White Rhino (WR) and the Black Rhino (BR). However, there is no real difference in colour between the two and their distinction comes from other characteristics and features that make them unique.
As the white rhino is a grazer, it has a wide mouth and a square lip which makes it easy for them to graze and only eat grass. The black rhino, on the other hand, is a browser and has a more hooked lip that helps it eat more leaves and twigs.
White rhino dung turns blackish with age because of the high molasses content within their grassy diet and the dung of black rhino tends to be reddish in colour because of higher tannin levels in the trees/shrubs they feed on.
Here are some quick facts to keep in mind for your next game drive:
WR – Weight – 1500 to 2500 kilograms
BR – Weight – 400 to 1000 kilograms
WR – Gestation period – 16 months (1 calf)
BR – Gestation period – 15 months (1 calf)
WR – Height – 1.8 metres
BR – Height – 1,6 metres
WR – Age – 40 to 45 years
BR – Age – 30 to 40 years
All rhinos love wallowing in mud and going for a nice rub against trees, rocks or even termite mounds. This helps to keep them cool, keep their skin in a good condition and to dislodge ticks or parasites that get stuck in the mud.