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The Bush Telegraph
News from Tshikwalo Game Lodge and Dinokeng Nature Reserve
Dinokeng Big 5 | Elephant
The elephant is currently the largest living mammal in the world. And let’s face it, no proper game drive feels really complete without them. They keep their young close and move in herds protecting and looking out for each other. As you may also know they have been under alot of attack by poachers and as such recent studies have indicated that our very own African elephants are evolving to be tuskless. How wonderful is nature?
A lot like humans elephants are right or left handed when it comes to the use of their tusks. The more frequently they use their tusks the shorter they get. Sometimes they even get notched when used to break vegetation.
Here are some quick facts to keep in mind for your next game drive:
Weight – 4000 to 6000 kilograms
Height – 2,5 to 3 metres
Gestation period is 22 months
(only 1 calf)
Age – 55 to 60 years
Matriarchal – females are leaders
Males normally roam alone or in smaller groups.
Elephants have no natural enemies and humans are their biggest threat, but small elephants are vulnerable to attacks from lion, hyena or even leopards when left unattended.